Bio-Energy - Biogas - Biomass

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Gain Renewable Bio-Energies from Biomass

There are numerous successfully operating projects in many parts of North and South America as well as in Europe to create bio-energy with clean, renewable energy resources that grow on the country's own field to become more independent from fossil energies like coal, oil and gas.

The development of renewable energies based on biological products helps to increase profitability of domestic farming areas as well as it is an economic contribution to the responsible use of green energy resources.

Create Bio-energy from Biogas and Biomass

Appropriate energy-plants can be found in numerous regions and plantations. In South America, especially in Brazil, sugar cane is mostly used as energy-plant. In the USA huge amounts of corn, soybeans and wheat are processed into biogas and bio-fuel productions; in European countries, especially in Germany, rape, sunflowers, corn, wheat and switch-grass are used as natural energy source. All these resources make up useful renewable economic biomass. Bio energies like bio-fuel and biogas can be generated independently.

The efficiency of useful plants is decisive of the geographical zones. Profitable plants in Brazil or in the US may be very inefficient or just to expensive in European climate. To turn biomass into fluid fuels like bio-diesel, bio-ethanol and other bio energies you have to calculate, if the whole process of growing the bio-fuel plants requires a great deal of energy, like the amount of fertilizer as well as the quantities of fuel you need for sowing, fertilizing and for trucking. The fact, that ethanol cannot be send by pipelines, because it corrodes iron, increases the cost for transportation even more. Early projects have not always been very profitable, but by the time more efficient methods to generate renewable bio-energies have been developed.

There are numerous ways to generate electricity and heat-energy with alternative energy sources besides renewable bio-energy, but to produce high quality fuel for combustion engines of vehicles only biomass-energy is a profitable alternative to fossil oil by now. To avoid ruining the markets of eatable plants and fruits, lots of other ways to generate clean, green energies are tested with energy-grasses and energy-woods.

More experiments to use biomass as a renewable fuel source are made with fungus bacteria that transform plants into sugar, what means plants they develop to a higher carbon combination what can finally be used to generate bio-ethanol. Other bio-energy projects are based on more efficient methods to burn biomass like switch-grass, hay, straw, wood, wood pulp and waste. Farmers and scientists are searching for profitable ways to generate biogas or homemade bio-fuel all over the planet.

An way to upgrade biogas is the Sabatier Process. A Sabatier Process utilizes anaerobic digestion of biomass at a collection site to produce biogas.

Bio-Energy generated from biomass and biogas

Generating bio-diesel based on wood pulp is another experiment. But large-scale plantings of energy-wood would be deeply rooted and bound to these species for years. So fields with grasses and sunflowers are more flexible. Much more popular is a new alternative method to create heat-energy with pressed wood pellets. When you generate energy by heating with wood pellets the press-wood releases just as much carbon dioxide as the wood had absorbed from the atmosphere during its years of growing. The installation of wood-burning systems for homes and new public buildings has been increasing for the last years. Pellet-heaters operate fully automatic with timers and heat sensors and new pellets are reloaded without any outside help.

Various methods already use bio energy technology including all advantages & disadvantages of "green" energy systems. One of those renewable energy-alternative for farmers is to turn biomass from corn husks, leftover grains, manure, but also turnips and corn into methane containing biogas. In huge silos and biogas power plants farmers ferment natural sources and leftovers into biogas and use the generated heat for their farms' heat and hot water supply. Biological methane can also be used to generate electricity. More and more combined head and power systems are set up to operate with biogas. The leftover ferments are full of nutrients and can even be recycled as dung for the fields, what creates a perfect biological cycle. Methods for generating energy by turning biomass ferment into biogas is a profitable and environment friendly source for small private power plants as for large-scale biogas power plants with much bigger capacities.

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Bio-Energy - Biogas - Biomass