Advantages And Disadvantages Of Biomass Energy

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Biomass Energy - Pros And Cons

With the natural world going down in a seemingly never-ending downhill spiral it becomes integral to come up with eco friendly alternate fuel resources that do not end up hacking off chunks of ozone the way that combustible fuels do.

This is why many industries and companies have come up with biomass products as a cleaner means of harnessing energy.

Since biomass energy is harnessed through natural means like animal waste, plant matter and industrial waste, it is a fairly economical means of generating energy. Even though carbon makes up a bulk of all biomass products it is also known to constitute of heavy metals, nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen.

Before coming to a verdict that will give an accurate account of whether biomass energy is reliable or not it is important to weigh its advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages Of Biomass Energy

Besides being an alternate renewable energy source over fossil fuels biomass energy has a number of other advantages as well. One of the most important is that it can be used to generate heat and electricity. It is also a readily available means of energy since it is produced by using natural and organic waste products like corn husks, wood chips, paper, manure, sewage and many other types of recyclable products.

Other than being a convenient energy source biomass production also helps in the management of solid waste. Burning up biomass resources instead of solid waste cuts down on carbon emissions. This helps in balancing carbon levels in the atmosphere. For example biomass briquettes, used in generating electricity, are a much cleaner source of energy than that produced by fossil fuels since they do not produce any harmful greenhouse gases.

Biomass energy is also cost effective as far as its circulation is concerned. Since biomass plants generate energy to the area that they are situated in which means that large pipelines are not needed for its distribution.

Disadvantages Of Biomass Energy

A biomass power plant is fairly economical in generating energy

Alas! All good things must come to an end. The same is the case for the production and consumption of biomass energy. Even though the production and incineration of biomass products does cut down on a plethora of harmful greenhouse gases its emissions also include carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide that contribute to global warming. Toxic ethanol emissions during biomass production are also liable to increase levels of nitrogen oxide in the atmosphere.

Biomass energy production is also super expensive! The production and usage of fossil fuels seems like a walk in the park as compared to the collection, harvesting and storage of raw biomass materials. Biomass plants also require a lot of space while it takes a lot of water to recycle organic waste.

As if this wasn't enough the crops used in biomass production like corn, wheat and barley are seasonal crops which means that they are not available all year round. Sadly the fact that they are renewable proves to be a no go if they are not readily available at all.


Energy produced through biomass incineration can be a great, and choke free, alternative to fossil fuel consumption. Even though it is a renowned eco friendly means of generating energy, an unavailability of natural products proves to make the production of biomass energy a costly and risky venture.

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Biomass energy is harnessed through natural means like animal waste, plant matter and industrial waste